Nov 30, 2012

C Aptitude Questions and answers with explanation

C Aptitude 28
C program is one of most popular programming language which is used for core level of coding across the board. C program is used for operating systems, embedded systems, system engineering, word processors,hard ware drivers, etc.

The C aptitude questions and answers for those questions along with explanation for the interview related queries.

We hope that this questions and answers series on C program will help students and freshers who are looking for a job, and also programmers who are looking to update their aptitude on C program.
Some of the illustrated examples will be from the various companies, and IT industry experts.

Read more about C Programming Language . and read the C Programming Language (2nd Edition). by K and R.

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Predict the output or error(s) for the following:


C aptitude 28.1
 main()
{
    char *p="hai friends",*p1;
    p1=p;
    while(*p!='\0') ++*p++;
    printf("%s   %s",p,p1);
}
Answer: ibj!gsjfoet

Explanation: ++*p++ will be parse in the given order
 *p that is value at the location currently pointed by p will be taken
  ++*p the retrieved value will be incremented
 when ; is encountered the location will be incremented that is p++ will be executed

Hence, in the while loop initial value pointed by p is ‘h’, which is changed to ‘i’ by executing ++*p and pointer moves to point, ‘a’ which is similarly changed to ‘b’ and so on. Similarly blank space is converted to ‘!’. Thus, we obtain value in p becomes “ibj!gsjfoet” and since p reaches ‘\0’ and p1 points to p thus p1doesnot print anything.

C aptitude 28.2

   #include <stdio.h>
#define a 10
main()
{
    #define a 50
    printf("%d",a);
}
Answer: 50

Explanation:The preprocessor directives can be redefined anywhere in the program. So the most recently assigned value will be taken.

C aptitude 28.3
     
main()
{
printf("%p",main);
}


Answer:Some address will be printed.
Explanation: Function names are just addresses (just like array names are addresses). main() is also a function. So the address of function main will be printed. %p in printf specifies that the argument is an address. They are printed as hexadecimal numbers.

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