Jun 5, 2012

C Aptitude Questions and answers with explanation

C Aptitude 14
C program is one of most popular programming language which is used for core level of coding across the board. C program is used for operating systems, embedded systems, system engineering, word processors,hard ware drivers, etc.

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In the coming days, we will post C aptitude questions, answers and explanation for interview preparations.

The C aptitude questions and answers for those questions along with explanation for the interview related queries.

We hope that this questions and answers series on C program will help students and freshers who are looking for a job, and also programmers who are looking to update their aptitude on C program.
Some of the illustrated examples will be from the various companies, and IT industry experts.
Read more about C Programming Language . and read the C Programming Language (2nd Edition). by K and R.


Predict the output or error(s) for the following:


C aptitude 14.1
  main()
{
struct xx
 {
              int x;
              struct yy
               {
                 char s;
                 struct xx *p;
               };
                         struct yy *q;
            };
            }


Answer: Compiler Error

Explanation: in the end of nested structure yy a member have to be declared

C aptitude 14.2
  main()
{
 extern int i;
 i=20;
 printf("%d",sizeof(i));
}

Answer: Linker error: undefined symbol 'i'.

Explanation:extern declaration specifies that the variable i is defined somewhere else. The compiler passes the external variable to be resolved by the linker. So compiler doesn't find an error. During linking the linker searches for the definition of i. Since it is not found the linker flags an error.

C aptitude 14.3
     main()
{
printf("%d", out);
}

int out=100;

Answer: Compiler error: undefined symbol out in function main.

Explanation: The rule is that a variable is available for use from the point of declaration. Even though a is a global variable, it is not available for main.

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