Jun 4, 2012

C Aptitude Questions and answers with explanation

C Aptitude 13
C program is one of most popular programming language which is used for core level of coding across the board. C program is used for operating systems, embedded systems, system engineering, word processors,hard ware drivers, etc.

In this site, we have discussed various type of C programs till date and from now on, we will move further by looking at the C aptitude questions.

In the coming days, we will post C aptitude questions, answers and explanation for interview preparations.

The C aptitude questions and answers for those questions along with explanation for the interview related queries.

We hope that this questions and answers series on C program will help students and freshers who are looking for a job, and also programmers who are looking to update their aptitude on C program.
Some of the illustrated examples will be from the various companies, and IT industry experts.
Read more about C Programming Language . and read the C Programming Language (2nd Edition). by K and R.

Predict the output or error(s) for the following:

C aptitude 13.1
int i=0;
for(;i++;printf("%d",i)) ;

Answer: 1

Explanation: before entering into the for loop the checking condition is "evaluated". Here it evaluates to 0 (false) and comes out of the loop, and i is incremented (note the semicolon after the for loop).

C aptitude 13.2
  char s[]={'a','b','c','\n','c','\0'};
  char *p,*str,*str1;
  printf("%d",++*p + ++*str1-32);

Answer: M

Explanation:p is pointing to character '\n'.str1 is pointing to character 'a' ++*p meAnswer:"p is pointing to '\n' and that is incremented by one." the ASCII value of '\n' is 10. then it is incremented to 11. the value of ++*p is 11. ++*str1 meAnswer:"str1 is pointing to 'a' that is incremented by 1 and it becomes 'b'. ASCII value of 'b' is 98. both 11 and 98 is added and result is subtracted from 32. i.e. (11+98-32)=77("M");

C aptitude 13.3
  struct xx
      int x=3;
      char name[]="hello";
struct xx *s=malloc(sizeof(struct xx));

Answer: Compiler Error

Explanation: Initialization should not be done for structure members inside the structure declaration.

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