Oct 19, 2011

C program to implement Depth First Search(DFS)

C program to implement Depth First Search(DFS). Depth First Search is an algorithm used to search the Tree or Graph. DFS search starts from root node then traversal into left child node and continues, if item found it stops other wise it continues. The advantage of DFS is it requires less memory compare to Breadth First Search(BFS). Read more about C Programming Language .
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#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
int a[20][20],reach[20],n;
void dfs(int v)
{
 int i;
 reach[v]=1;
 for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
  if(a[v][i] && !reach[i])
  {
   printf("\n %d->%d",v,i);
   dfs(i);
  }
}
void main()
{
 int i,j,count=0;
 clrscr();
 printf("\n Enter number of vertices:");
 scanf("%d",&n);
 for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
 {
  reach[i]=0;
  for(j=1;j<=n;j++)
   a[i][j]=0;
 }
 printf("\n Enter the adjacency matrix:\n");
 for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
  for(j=1;j<=n;j++)
   scanf("%d",&a[i][j]);
 dfs(1);
 printf("\n");
 for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
 {
  if(reach[i])
   count++;
 }
 if(count==n)
  printf("\n Graph is connected");
 else
  printf("\n Graph is not connected");
 getch();
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Data Structures
Breadth First Search(BFS)
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